Corporate finance management is a branch of finance that refers to the management of financial resources of a company. The main objective of corporate financing is to maximize the company value by making proper allocation of financial resources, along with taking care of the financial risks. Finance management focuses on analyzing the financial problems and devising the universal solutions, which are applicable to all kind of companies.
There are various topics, which are covered under the study of corporate finance such as working capital management, inventory management, debtor’s management, dividend policy, short term and long term financing and financial risk management. Each of the above mentioned subjects make use of different financial tools in deciding the allocation and management of resources among most competing opportunities. It is one of the highly discussed topics due to its own importance in growing economy of any country.
Finance management is an absolute necessity for all types of business organizations. Earlier it used to be the part of overall finance management of a firm. But, over the last one decade, it has emerges as a separate discipline altogether. Today, in both large and medium sizes corporations, there is a dedicated department involved in taking care of the corporate finance management of the company.
Professionals involved in this profession have the responsibility to maximize the company’s profit, shareholder’s wealth, capital budgeting and identifying the areas of financial resource allocation. Since, the areas involved in the discipline are critical and thus require special set of skills in the professionals for efficient handling of the job responsibility. One of the best ways to get into organizational financing is get enrolled into finance management courses, offered by various finance institutes across the country.
Courses in finance help the students to plan and act to resolve the whole conundrum of finance. The course curriculum of the finance courses includes a detailed study of different subjects like micro and macro economics, accountancy, personal and corporate finance, merchant banking, investment banking, financial markets and derivatives, the venture capital, mergers and acquisitions and many others. The detailed study of these subjects gives an overview to the students about the true picture of the industry. Finance courses are a gateway to enter into the world of corporate financing. The future in corporate financing is very bright and is likely to show tremendous growth for next few years to come ahead, which is a positive sign for the aspiring students.
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The job of finance manager is to lead his corporate company into profits. Investment strategy is drawn basing on available opportunities. To take a decision on buying an asset, it shall be valued properly. A corporate finance manager shall analyze its worth and return in the future. He can take the help of expert person in the specific field to analyze all this issues. His basic motto shall be bringing profit to his company and distribute it to the share holders. If there is a possibility he shall avoid taking risks to make profits. Investors love to get better money with lesser risk. He shall evaluate the present and future value of the asset before taking a decision on buying it. Once if he is able to conclude that the asset value in the future is more than the present value, he can convince the management about it.
The return is measured as the ratio of profit made when compared with the investment made. If the company make better profits,the stake holders will be more comfortable and happy. In big corporate companies there is a separation between ownership and management. In the interest of ownership and share holders,managers can take a decision and there is no ego issues present here.
A company may wish to invest money in cash and reduce the dividends distributed to the stake holders. In many cases this is not a happy decision for them and they want profits. The job of the finance manager is to find the balance between profits and investments. He need to give back dividends to the investor and also take company into a better position.
Capital is essential to carry out any sort of corporate objective. Capital can come from any source. It is mainly made up of debt and equity. Debt is generally referred to the burrowed money from financial institutes on the other hand equity is the shareholders’ money known as equity capital.
Debt holders have no share in the profit but are concerned about the return of burrowed money with interest. If the debt raises the capital rise as a result of this the rate of interest rises along with risk of capital. Now let us discuss different tactics that can help in proper management of corporate finance.
Ways to Corporate Finance Management
The corporate finance should have the right mix of debt and equity which is popularly know as capital structure. But before formulating the strategy of proper finance management it is important to identify the factors on which the business risk mainly depended.
• Instable demand can increase the business risk
• Varying sale price
• Difference in input cost and skills required to control price successfully in the market
• Capital required to carry out normal functioning along with rising input cost and lower sale price
• Fall in the demand of product without fall in high fixed cost
Apart from these new cost effective production ideas, fluctuating exchange rate etc can also increase the business risk. The business risk will be higher if the fixed cost is high. Along with that higher leverage will increase the business risk. For proper management it is important to find out lowest investment on fixed asset with lowest operational cost.
Lower debt finance should be used while to avoid facing threat of bankruptcy. The use of debt finance must be based on earning in terms of present value. It is important to analyze the past and present record of the firm with accurate finance resources. The capital structure must focus on market values. With the help of an effective capital structure it is possible to maximize the market value of the firm. The credibility of the firm mainly depends on the market value. With proper capital management it is possible to use the resources effectively to yield better return on investment.
Large corporations don’t thrive by themselves. Without the help of a financial officer many corporations would not be where they are. Corporations need men and women who are experienced in the world of finance to assist them in expanding their business by using their skills to manage the corporate funds. Many accredited online colleges and universities offer degree distinctions in finance with the goal of gaining a career in corporate finance.
As a financial consultant or manager the career goal is to take into consideration the corporation’s goals and resources to make suggestions on what they can do to continue to grow financially. The management side to the career involves one on one work with the corporation. One priority is to manage people by creating good teamwork and solving financial problems as they arise. Gaining an education enables students to understand the operations of all the departments within their corporation to make detailed, helpful, and financially secure decisions.
The minimum requirement to work within the industry is a bachelor’s degree. Students do have the option of continuing education until they obtain a PhD, which will translate into high-level careers. The trend within the field is to earn a master’s degree while working. Online instruction in this particular field is beneficial for that purpose because most individuals can’t take time off of work to go back to school. Earning an online degree in this area allows students to work through a program at their own pace, and study from the comfort of their own home. A corporate finance career will specifically teach students how to find the funds to run a corporation, grow it, create acquisitions, establish a solid financial future, and manage the money currently used and relied upon by the corporation.
A typical bachelor’s degree will require a student to complete 120 credit hours. In a corporate finance major students will learn to understand financial arrangements and contracts. Courses teach students how to apply that understanding to a business. Students will also be taught how to manage and analyze foreign exchange of cash and capital budget in a global environment. Working through a set curriculum, students will be able to create strategies to achieve specific financial goals and integrate financial issues with the corporate policies.
Specific courses that will advance the knowledge of a student who wants to be a corporate financial consultant include the global marketplace, global strategy, financial accounting, management, organizational communication, and more. A global marketplace course will teach students how to compete in a global environment and create a marketing mix that will be successful globally. Within this course students will establish a strong foundation in the field by studying political, social, economic, and technological factors that pertain to the global market. An important course students will take is management. This course focuses on the fundamental procedures that make up a manager’s job in a corporate setting. Students will learn five primary principles, which include decision-making, planning, organizing, controlling, and innovating. Each topic will be covered in depth and prepare students for the professional industry.
areers in corporate financing require professionals to hold a degree in the field of accounting and finance. Students can obtain the education they need to succeed by enrolling in an accredited school or college. With an education students can gain the knowledge and skills they need to pursue a variety of careers. Corporate financing career education options are available at an associates, bachelors, masters, and doctoral degree level.
Associate degrees can be earned through accredited educational programs in as little as two years. An associate’s degree is required in order to enroll in a bachelor’s degree program. Students can train for an accredited bachelor’s degree by completing four years of study. A bachelor’s degree will allow students to enter the workforce or pursue a master’s degree in the field. Completion of a master’s degree will require students to complete an additional two years of study in corporate finance. The highest level of education in this field is a doctoral degree or PhD. Students who wish to do so can obtain a doctoral degree in the field by studying for an additional four years. Students will need to complete a variety of coursework in order to gain their desired degree.
Specific coursework and areas of study will vary based on each individual students desired level of degree and career. Accredited corporate financing schools and colleges will provide students with coursework that will give them the skills and knowledge needed to enter the field. Associate and bachelor degree areas of study may consist of subjects like finance, budget management, accounting, statistics, investment management, and much more. With enrollment in a masters or doctoral level degree training program students will have the opportunity to learn marking, international finance, cost management, applied statistics, financial statement analysis, and many other corporate finance related courses.
By earning a degree at an associate degree level in corporate financing students will be prepared for a number of exciting careers. Professions for associate degree holders include financial or business analyst, associate support analyst, and more. By earning an accredited bachelors degree students can pursue careers as cash managers, strategic planners, senior financial analysts, and many other related professions. Students who choose to earn a masters or doctoral degree can enter into the workforce as directors of finance, chief financial officers, chief executive officers, treasurers, researches, teachers, and much more. Gaining a degree in corporate finance opens a world of career opportunities.
Courses for continuing education are available to allow students to enhance their skills in certain areas of the industry. Coursework will vary depending on the career and desired skills and knowledge. Students can earn certificates by completing continuing education courses in corporate finance.